Did you know that every square in the chessboard has a name?

How Many Squares in a Chessboard?

The chessboard has 64 squares (8 by side).

How to locate them? Easy: each square has a different name.

What’s the Name Of the Square?

The name is: a letter followed by a number.

The letter helps you to find the column (also called FILE), the number helps you to find the row (also called RANK):

Chessboard name of the squares

Files And Ranks

The files – going up to board – are labeled a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h.

The ranks – going across the board – are labeled 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (starting from the White side of the board) (note: the White side is always on the bottom when it’s drawn).

Here are all the names of all the squares on the chessboard:

All the square names on the chessboard

Let’s work out which square the White King is standing on in the image below.

You might already be able to work it out by yourself.
The arrows help to show that the king is standing on the e-file,  and also on rank number 4. Therefore, the King is standing on the square e4.

Position of a piece on the chessboard

Now practice finding the name of the squares on the chessboard!